PICOT Statement and Literature Research

PICOT Statement and Literature Search

PICOT Statement and Literature Research. The first step of the EBP process is to develop a question from the nursing practice problem of interest. Select a practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research. Start with the patient and identify the clinical problems or issues that arise from clinical care. Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT statement in your selected practice problem area of interest, which is applicable to your proposed capstone project. The PICOT statement will provide a framework for your capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study). Conduct a literature search to locate research articles focused on your selected practice problem of interest. This literature search should include both quantitative and qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your practice problem. Select six peer-reviewed research articles which will be utilized through the next 5 weeks as reference sources. Be sure that some of the articles use qualitative research and that some use quantitative research. Create a reference list in which the six articles are listed. Beneath each reference include the article’s abstract.

PICOT Statement and Literature Search
PICOT Statement and Literature Search

 

Answered Below:-

PICOT Statement and Literature Research

The prevalence of Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) has been rising over the years across both developed and developing countries. However, disparities in the prevalence of hypertension exist between high-income countries and low-income countries. The prevalence of hypertension is affected by several factors such as age, socio-economic status, gender and education (Keyler, Milan, Ding, Alderman, Harrison, Medicine Baltimore, 2015). The following is a literature review on relevant articles on hypertension and associated factors affecting its prevalence.

Wang Huang, (2016) prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the general adult population, Journal of American Society of Hypertension 70(3), 908-622). PICOT Statement and Literature Search

By the year 2010, the hypertension prevalence had decreased in high-income countries by 7.7%, while in low-income countries the prevalence increased by 2.6%. The prevalence trends between low and high income, earning countries in hypertension are attributed to disparities in treatment measures, awareness and control measures. The delivery of healthcare faces various challenges in many low-income countries. According to the World Heart Federation, interventions that seek to address awareness and screening will achieve an interim step in reducing the prevalence burden.

Mohammad, Maryam, Maliheh, Tareheh Hassannia, Aldolrahm Reazzae;(2016) assess the prevalence of hypertension and the relationship with demographic factors, biochemical and anthropometric factors; PubMed Journal77 (5), 89. PICOT Statement and Literature Search

A study was done to assess the prevalence of hypertension and its relationship with demographic factors. The levels of education, age and lifestyle factors are the primary determinants of the prevalence and prognosis of hypertension. The researchers concluded, that hypertension screening is paramount especially among the male, obese and the elderly. There is a close relationship between obesity and hypertension, therefore the need for practical solutions to develop lifestyle modification. Smoking and drug abuse were more prevalent among men, while the sedimentary lifestyle was every day among women.

Xa Keliwington, Lacey, Dominic, Handerson (2013) prevalence and determinants of hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk factors, Journal of American Society of Hypertension 980(1), 53-788. PICOT Statement and Literature Search

The cross-sectional study was done on the prevalence and determinants of hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors. The results indicated that there is a significant association between the level of education and the prevalence of hypertension. The study indicated that the prevalence was twice high in those who had primary education compared to those who had undergraduate and postgraduate levels of education. The difference was higher in women whereby among the less educated, the prevalence was fourfold as compared to the educated. The researchers associated this with low social, economic status, especially where women are less empowered in the low income earning countries. Obesity and physical inactivity were more frequent in women than males. This, therefore, explained the statistical dominance of hypertension in females. The majority of the participants reported that they were not aware of hypertension condition and associated factors.

Jang H.Keyler, Man, Ding RM, Alderman, Yang M Harrison, Maria E. Medicine Baltimore, (2015) prevalence and incidence of hypertension in general adult population, it was evident that social demographic factors are determinants of the general prognosis of hypertension, Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 87(99), 85. PICOT Statement and Literature Search

According to the study conducted on the prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the general adult population, social demographic factors are determinants of the general prognosis of hypertension. The comparison was made between European countries and North American countries. Generally, the prevalence was high in the European countries compared to the later. The regional differences were evident also in the awareness of hypertension. Hypertension emerged to be the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. In comparison with other studies, the disparities occurred due to diversity in population structures, especially age, and compliance strategies in blood pressure control.

Chobannia, Av, Bakris GL, Blach HR, Cushman, Green La( 2013) prevalence and determinants of hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk factors, PubMed Journal 70(3), 908-622. PICOT Statement and Literature Search.

According to the findings on adverse effects that predict hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension included, are more paramount among populations in lower social, economic status class; those with a lower level of incomes and with the low level of education. Adverse effects mostly have occurred from unhealthy diets, obesity predominance, and the other lifestyle metabolic syndromes. The psychological aspects, for example, stress, also contribute to the stabilization of blood pressure levels. Education and knowledge were associated with patients’ health-seeking behavior, compliance, and other health-related needs.

Ibweke .R &Ann (2015), prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the general adult population, PubMed journal, 47(3), 52. PICOT Statement and Literature Search

The study was conducted to find out the modifiable risk factors of hypertension and the social demographic profile. The modifiable risk factors were physical inactivity, high intake of salt, obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking. In comparison with the other research findings, hypertension is a modifiable lifestyle disease. Therefore, defined lifestyle modification strategies, the incidence, and the prevalence can be alleviated.

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PICOT Statement and Literature Search. References

Chobannia, Av, Bakris GL, Blach HR, Cushman, Green La( 2013) prevalence and determinants of hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk factors, PubMed Journal 70(3), 908-622.

Ibweke .R &Ann (2015), prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the general adult population, PubMed journal, 47(3), 52

Jang H.Keyler, Milan, Ding RM, Alderman, Ayang M Harrison, Maria E. Medicine Baltimore, (2015) prevalence and incidence of hypertension in general adult population, it was evident that social demographic factors are determinants of the general prognosis of hypertension, Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 87(99), 85

Mohammad, Maryam, Maliheh, Tareheh Hassannia, AldolrahmReazzae;(2016) assess the prevalence of hypertension and the relationship with demographic factors, biochemical and anthropometric factors; PubMed Journal77(5), 89.

Wang Huang, (2016) prevalence and incidence of hypertension in the general adult population, Journal of American Society of Hypertension 70(3), 908-622

Xa Keliwington, Lacey, Dominic, Handerson (2013) prevalence and determinants of hypertension and the associated cardiovascular risk factors, Journal of American Society of Hypertension 980(1), 53-788

Yang Shem, Yu Huang, Zhang Walton (2017) modifiable risk factors of hypertension and the social demographic profile, PubMed journal, 90(7), 42-899

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