Firm A has $10,000 in assets entirely financed with equity. Firm B also has $10,000 in assets, but these

assets are financed by $5,000 in debt (with a 10 percent rate of interest) and $5,000 in equity. Both firms

sell 10,000 units of output at $2.50 per unit. The variable costs of production are $1, and fixed production

costs are $12,000. To ease the calculation, assume no income tax.

a. What is the operating income (EBIT) for both firms?

b. What are the earnings after interest?

c. If sales increase by 10 percent to 11,000 units, by what percentage will each firmâ€™s earnings after

interest increase? To answer the question, determine the earnings after taxes and compute the percentage

increase in these earnings from the answers you derived in part b.

d. Why are the percentage changes different?

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