ARCHITECTURAL DETAILING

| December 31, 2014

ARCHITECTURAL DETAILING

Introduction:
Shakespeare House Community Centre and its partner organisations have committed to develop the current centre to provide community services that will contain therapy rooms, multi-function space for up to 100 people and to build on the functioning onsite allotment and offer a more integrated and holistic environmental service to the wider community. In addition, with its faith based orientation (originally a convent and now home to Christian and Muslim services) the centre has entered into a partnership with the University of Salford to meet its objectives. See figure 1 for ground and first floors plans.

Figure 1

BACKGROUND:
Shakespeare House Community Centre was established in 2007. It struggled in its early
history to provide sustained services due the onset of the Credit when funding to the
voluntary sector was cut drastically. Shakespeare House was fortunate to be able to
leverage the centre to provide its own funding through centre-based services (meeting room hire, fitness classes, and residential tenancy). Due to the funds invested in getting the centre going, there has been little or no scope to improve the centre and the facilities have grown slowly albeit organically. The trustees have agreed a new 5 year lease with the owners who envisage a long-term use of the centre for community use.
Development Plan was accepted by Trustees of Shakespeare House Community Centre at a Trustee meeting providing a mandate for the building of the mosque. The University of Salford’s Council is committed to the project for the long-term. The focus is now on ensuring that the centre does deliver high quality holistic services that reflect the needs of the local centre in a specific way unique to Shakespeare House.

REQUIRMENTS:
–    Reception (includes an office and a space for security).
–    Kitchen (with space for food delivery; dining area).
–    Café.
–    Multipurpose space for up to 100 people.
–    Therapy rooms.
–    Library.
–    Toilets (5 for each 100 people; includes shower).
–    Mosque (in the garden for 50 people).
–    Event space in the garden.
–    Food growing area (with greenhouse/tools house).
–    Room for a house keeper.

Improvements in existing parts of the house:
–    First floor toilets.
–    Stairs (two will be demolish and one will have more width).
–    Garden area (will be renewed in Muslim theme and prepared for events).
–    Food growing space.
–    Entrance (make doors wider for wheel chairs).
–    Ramps in every entrance (for wheel chairs and disabled people).
See figure 2 for the demolish plans.

Figure 2
CHANGES AND IMPROVMENTS:
KITCHEN:
The kitchen in the old design have been changed as we made a bit wider as it use to be 29 m2 , but with the new changes we made 32 m2 ,which is enough for the kitchen counters to be fitted around the kitchen, and it have a storage room which
can be used for storing food, and enough space for the kitchen staff to walk around.

MULTIPURPOSE SPACE:

We noticed that the multipurpose space in the old design was not enough to fit 100 people, so we made a new extinction for it, now it will be 106 m2 room which will be separated by three rooms next to each other and the walls that separate the rooms are mobile walls which can be opened and close, so the users can control which they want to use a big room or a small room. For example, if there was less than 100 people using the room and the big space won’t be used. And because of the new extension the next rooms have gotten much bigger such as the dining area, it used to be 40 m2 now it is 44 m2. The kid’s space used to be 22 m2 now it is 31 m2. The Café space used to be 52 m2, now it is 60 m2.

THE GARDEN AND OUTSIDE SPACE:

With the new design, the garden now is fitted with a walking path all around the house so the guests can walk around the house easily rather than walking in the grass, and easier for wheelchair users to go outside. The food growing area now have a tool house which can used to keep the tools and equipment’s safe.

THE BOILER ROOM:

There is one more extension, which is the boiler room, in the old design it is fitted in the first floor, so we have considered the water harvesting system which will be fitted in ground next to the new boiler room. Which would make it easier for the plumbers to fit and cheaper because it will reduce the amount of pipe work. Please see below.

Water Harvesting System:
With the new project, there will be a water harvesting system in the house located in the garden area. There occurs accumulation and deposition of rainwater for reuse in the house for toilet, laundry or irrigate the garden. This system provides an independent water supply to supplement the already existing water system.
It has an easy installation process, once that a tank with 1500 litre of capacity only has 2400mm of length 1200mm of width and 650mm of height. See figure 3

Figure 3

Bubble Diagram:

Red – Staff area
Blue – Circulation
Green – Common Areas

Ground Floor:

Figure 4

First Floor:

Figure 5

STRUCTURAL SUPPOR:
The earliest structural frames were engaged to support the walls and floors of large buildings, using traditional stonework or brick wall construction. The frame was built into the external walls, which it supported at each floor level, so that these buildings has the form of a large traditional load bearing structure. “Structural engineering ensures that the loads of the building and its contents are transmitted safely and economically to the ground” (LITTLEFIELD, 2012, page 36). The main disadvantage of brick and stone as wall materials used to framed buildings is that their high self-weight requires large frame members which might be expansive. See figure 6.

Figure 6: Detail Stroud Foster et al (2007)

FOUNDATION, GROUND FLOOR AND WALL CONSTRUCTION:
The solid floor is a plain or unbreakable concrete, and it is in most building without basement because the ground floor is solid construction, “these may be of plain or reinforced concrete” (Foster, 2000, page 174). And they use the solid floors where the ground is weak or made-up, “The thickness of the slab will vary according to the loading which the floor is to carry and the bearing capacity of the ground” (Foster, 2000, page 174). And it depended on which kind of floor the building have, for example, if it is single-scale building it will usually considered of loading and span, cost, sound insulation and speed of erection, but if it was large-scale building or a building have many floors, in these building types the floors are normally main structural element directly related to the general structure of the building and they have to be considered at the design stage in relation to it. Second of all, the concrete floors is the most strong floor and it is very good for fire resistance, and now most of multi-storey buildings are using the concrete floors because of fire insulation and the sound insulation, “ the concrete floor has advantage of strength and good fire resistance” (Foster, 2000, page 175 ). See figure 7 and 8.

Figure 7 and 8 (Kingspan, 2010)

WINDOWS CONSTRUCTON:

As with any construcon method, the prevenon of cold bridging, penetration of water    and moisture and insulation is very important. It is at openings where if not detailed    properly all the above will cause discomfort in the house.  However, as our construction material we need to investigate other way in which we can still prevent these above mentioned elements a?ecting our house.

ROOF CONSTRUCTION:
First of all, what is meant by pitch roofs, pitch roofs are the one that the roof has to be a slope roof, or in other words, has to be horizontal, “Roof pitch the slope of a roof usually expressed as a ratio of vertical rise to horizontal run, or in inches of rise per foot of run” (BURDEN, 2005, page 207). The environmental influences on the pitch roofs in my opinion are such as the weather, temperature, land forms and plants, for example, the weather can easily influence the roof like the rain, snow, wind and the sun heat. “Not only should the roof and the building form a harmonious pair, the building must also fit in with its immediate natural and built environment” (SCHUNCK, OSTER, BARTHEL, KIESSL, 2003, page 39 ). And the constructional influences in the pitch roofs are such as strength and stability, weather resistance, thermal insulation, fire resistance and sound insulation. “The main function of roof is to enclose space and to protect form the elements the space it covers” (FOSTER, 2000, page 139). And the last one is the accommodation influences on the pitch of roofs are in my opinion such as furniture, lights, paint and services. See figure 9.

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